Stress-Corrosion Cracking of 300M Steel Jackscrew Drive Pins
The jackscrew drive pins on a landing-gear bogie failed when the other bogie on the same side of the airplane was kneeled for tire change. The pins, made of 300M steel, were shot peened and chromium plated on the outside surface and were cadmium plated and painted with polyurethane on the inside surface. The top of the jackscrew was 6150 steel. Both ends of the pins were revealed to be dented where the jackscrew had pressed into them and were observed to have been resulted due to overdriving the jackscrew at the end of an unkneeling cycle. These dented areas were found to be heavily corroded with chromium plating missing. A heavily corroded intergranular fracture mode was revealed by chromium-carbon replicas of the areas of fracture origin. Deep corrosion pits adjacent to the fracture origins and directly beneath cracks in the chromium plate were revealed by metallographic examination. It was concluded that stress-corrosion cracks grew out from the rust pits. The pin material was changed from 300M steel to PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel, which is highly resistant to rusting and SCC and the jacking control system was modified to prevent overdriving.