Rupture of Water Wall Tubes of a Boiler
Several ruptures took place in the front wall tubes of a water tube boiler. Some rupture samples showed ductile failure while others showed brittle failure. Specimens taken from the rupture where a thick edge had been produced, i.e., with little evidence of prior plastic deformation, showed a coarse microstructure indicative of gross overheating. The examination indicated that failure in the main resulted from gross overheating arising from water starvation as could have been due to a number of causes. The ruptures in some tubes were of the type commonly found in overheated tubes, the material being drawn out to a feather edge at the time of rupture. Other ruptures in the same and other tubes were of a more brittle type, this being associated with penetration of material by molten copper derived from scale.