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A hot rolled, low-carbon steel pot used to melt magnesium alloys leaked, releasing about 35 kg (80 lb) of molten magnesium onto the foundry floor and causing an extensive fire. Due to the fire, the original leakage hole could not be investigated. Samples of the failed pot were polished and etched and were found to be composed of ferrite and pearlite mixtures, as would be expected. However, the sample taken from a location about 75 mm (3 in.) from the hole contained a cluster of unusually large inclusions. By removing the beryllium window from in front of the detector, EPMA spectra were obtained from the inclusions and from the steel matrix. The inclusion spectrum contained primarily iron and oxygen, whereas the matrix spectrum contained primarily iron. X-ray maps were made to show the distribution of iron and oxygen. These results indicated that the inclusions were iron oxide. A similar inclusion at the failure site in the melting pot may have reacted violently with the molten magnesium, causing the leak.

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2019. "Identification of Iron Oxide Inclusions", ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Steelmaking and Thermal Processing Equipment

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