While in the stationary mode, capillary action at the contact line between roller and race in a steel rolling mill taper bearing caused a concentration of lubricant and moisture to occur. This lead to lines of corrosion pits at roller intervals. During subsequent operation, the individual corrosion pits acted as stress raisers and initiated coarse grain spalling. Due to a bending moment on the rotating element, this in turn initiated bending fatigue normal to the longitudinal axis, which propagated through to the bore of the inner ring. Stain marks were visible in the bore at a spacing corresponding to roller intervals where lubricant had flowed through the cracks from the race.
H.W. Walton, Failure of Steel Rolling Mill Taper Bearing, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Steelmaking and Thermal Processing Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001513
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