Premature Failure of Turbine Blades by Corrosion
Aluminide-coated and uncoated IN-713 turbine blades were returned for evaluation after service in a marine environment because of severe corrosion. Based on service time, failure of these blades by corrosive deterioration was considered to be premature. Analysis (visual inspection, 2.7x micrographic examination on sections etched with ferric chloride and hydrochloric acid in methanol) supported the conclusions that the blades failed by hot-corrosion attack. Variation in rate of attack on coated blades was attributed to variation in integrity of the aluminide coating, which had been applied in 1966, when these coatings were relatively new. It is evident that maintaining the integrity of a protective coating could significantly increase the life of a nickel-base alloy blade operating in a hot and corrosive environment.