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A connecting rod from a motor boat was broken in two places at the small end. At position I there was a fatigue fracture brought about by operational stress, whereas the fibrous fracture surface II was a secondary tensile fracture. Furthermore the transition on the other side of the rod was cracked symmetrically to the fatigue fracture (position III). Magnetic inspection showed indications of cracking at the transition between the rod and small end in six other connecting rods from the same batch. Metallographic investigation showed the connecting rods were rendered susceptible to fatigue by the notch effect of coarse scale-filled folds formed during forging.

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Engines and Propulsion Systems, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Offshore, Shipbuilding, and Marine Equipment, ASM International, 2019

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