Stress Corrosion Cracking Associated with Design Feature
Five cylinders out of a group of nine in a drying machine developed leaks after a few months service in a textile mill. Leakage was reported from locations between the hoop and body and from the circumferential welds. The materials in the affected area were 18/8 Ti and 18/10/3/Mo austenitic stainless steels. Examination of the cracks at high magnification revealed them to be of the stress-corrosion type. The welds were of satisfactory quality. Cracking was also visible at these locations, this again being of the stress corrosion type. The method of cylinder construction introduced a crevice between the outer hoop and the cylinder at the inboard edge so that during washing of the rolls, water could penetrate the crevice and subsequent heating would lead to the concentration of chlorides within the crevice. Redesign of the cylinder to eliminate the crevice was recommended.