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Abstract

Several deburring drums that fractured were filled with abrasive, water, and small parts, such as roller bearing rollers, and rotated on their axis at 36 rpm. Cracks were discovered very early in the service lives of these high-chromium white iron cast structures. All of the fractures were through bolt holes in the mounting flange. The holes had a sharp edge and exhibited uneven wear on the inside diameter. In operation, the mounting bolts were frequently found to be loose and in at least one case broken off. A 25x scanning electron microscopy (SEM) fractograph from near this fracture-initiation area showed fatigue striations. No casting or metallurgical structural defects were found that could explain the failures. This evidence supports the conclusion that cracking was a result of the stress-concentration site at the bolt holes where a fatigue-initiated fracture occurred. Recommendations included that the radii be increased at the sharp corners and that lock-wiring be used to secure against bolt loosening.

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2019. "Premature Failure of a Deburring Drum Initiated by Fatigue at a Stress Concentration Caused by a Sharp Corner at a Bolt Hole", ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Design Flaws

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