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A bolt manufacturer observed that products made from certain shipments of steel 41 Cr4 wire were prone to the formation of quench cracks in their rolled threads. The affected wire was tested and found to be highly sensitive to overheating because of the metallurgical method by which it was produced. A stronger decarburization of the case was a contributing factor that could not be prevented by working because the thread was rolled. Hardening tests conducted by the bolt manufacturer showed that quench cracks did not occur in specimens that were turned down before hardening and when notches were machined instead of beaten with a chisel.

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Friedrich Karl Naumann, Ferdinand Spies, Examination of Wires for the Manufacture of Tempered Bolts, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Design Flaws, ASM International, 2019,

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