Pitting of TiN-Coated Back Surgery Wires
TiN coated back surgery wires were made of Ti-6Al-4V. The reported failure was the presence of pits located in the uncoated area of the wires. The uncoated area of the wire is where the wire is fixtured in the coating chamber during coating. Examination and analysis of the pits using SEM/EDX detection unit revealed significant peaks of B, O, Zr and Fe. Moreover, the shape of the pits was similar to an arc crater. The formation of pits in the wire was caused during coating due to microarcing. A contaminated fixture used during the coating most likely caused the microarcing.