Fatigue Initiation on Type 316LR Straight Bone Plate
The plate used to treat a pseudarthrosis in the proximal femur was investigated for reasons of non-progress of healing. Fatigue cracks were revealed on the top surface of the small section of the plate at the fifth screw hole. The plate was found to be heavily loaded by comparison of intensity of these structures, compared to results of systematic crack-initiation experiments. It was revealed by fatigue bending tests that the fatigue life of plates with asymmetrically arranged holes is at least as long as for plates with holes situated in the center. Fatigue began at the large section only after a fatigue crack begins to propagate into the small plate section. A large secondary crack which had developed parallel to the main crack in the center of the surface was revealed. The fifth hole was situated at the transition between the supporting bone and the defect and hence stress concentration was revealed to be high.