Surgical Wire and Screws
Two of four adjustable Moore pins, which had been used to stabilize a proximal femur fracture, were found to be broken and deformed at their threads. The pins were made from a cobalt-chromium alloy and were not in the same condition. Brittle precipitates in the grains and grain boundaries were seen in one of the pins and hence the fracture was revealed to have occurred along the grain boundaries. The other pin made from cold-worked cobalt-chromium alloy was observed to have randomly lines of primary inclusions. Intermingled dimples and fatigue striations were exhibited on the fracture surface of this pin. Thus, the effect of different conditions of cobalt-chromium alloys on failure behavior was demonstrated as a result of this study.