Metallurgical Failure Analysis of Cold Cracking in a Structural Steel Weldment: Revisiting a Classic Failure Mechanism
Cold cracking of structural steel weldments is a well-documented failure mechanism, and extensive work has been done to recognize welding and materials selection parameters associated with it. These efforts, however, have not fully eliminated the occurrence of such failures. This article examines a case of cold cracking failure in the construction industry. Fortunately, the failure was identified prior to final erection of the structural members and the weld was successfully reworked. The article explains how various welding parameters, such as electrode/wire selection, joint design, and pre/postheating, played a role in the failure. Human factors and fabrication practices that contributed to the problem are covered as well.
M.E. Stevenson, S.L. Lowrie, R.D. Bowman, B.A. Bennett, Metallurgical Failure Analysis of Cold Cracking in a Structural Steel Weldment: Revisiting a Classic Failure Mechanism, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Buildings, Bridges, and Infrastructure, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001611
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