Locomotive Engine Components
Cracks formed on cylinder inserts from a water-cooled locomotive diesel engine, on the water side in the neck between the cylindrical part and the collar. Cracks were revealed by magnetic-particle inspection. As a rule, several parallel cracks had appeared, some of which were very fine. The part played by corrosion in the formation of the cracks was demonstrated with the help of metallographic techniques. The surface regions of the cracks widened into funnel form, which is a result of the corrosive influence of the cooling water. Actual corrosion pits could not be found indicating that the vibrational stresses had a greater share in the damage than the corrosive influence. Cracks appeared initially only in those engines in which no corrosion inhibitor had been added to the cooling water. The cracking was caused by corrosion fatigue. The combined presence of a corrosive medium and cyclical operating stress was needed to cause cracks. No cracks appeared when corrosion inhibitor was added to the cooling water.