Cracked Eccentric Camshaft
During dismantling of an eccentric camshaft of 340 mm diam that had worked for a total of 450,000 load reversals, it was found that it had cracked on both sides of the eccentric cam. The shaft was made of chromium-molybdenum alloy steel 34 Cr-Mo4 (Material No. 1.7220) according to DIN 17200. Microstructural examination showed the shaft had ran hot, and there were no material defects. The shaft probably was overstressed by torsion forces. The presence of surface checks on both sides of the cam lobe that were filled with bearing metal proved that overstressing occurred through galling of the end faces of the bearing liners.