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A 6 x 19 fiber core steel wire rope failed as it was being used to lower a steel television tower. Fracture of the rope occurred at a point under one of two clips used to fashion a spliced loop that was directly connected to the top of the tower. Microscopic examination of the fracture surfaces and the condition of the individual wires revealed that 59% of the wires failed by shear, 39% failed in tension, and 2% had been cut. In addition, 87% of the wires showed some degree of crushing damage, ranging from mild to severe. The failure was attributed to improper installation of the clips.

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Carmine D'Antonio, Failure of a Steel Wire Rope From a Television Tower, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 2, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1993, p 514–517,

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