An investigation was conducted to determine the factors responsible for the occasional formation of cracks on the parting lines of medium plain carbon and low-alloy medium-carbon steel forgings. The cracks were present on as-forged parts and grew during heat treatment. Examination revealed that areas near the parting line exhibited a large grain structure not present in the forged stock. High-temperature scale was also found in the cracks. It was concluded that the cracks were caused by material being folded over the parting line. The folding occurred because of a mismatch in the forgings and from material flow during trimming and/or material flow during forging.