Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination


A type 410 stainless steel circulating water pump shaft used in a fossil power steam generation plant failed after more than 7 years of service. Visual examination showed the fracture surface to be coated with a thick, spalling, rust-colored scale, along with evidence of pitting. Samples for SEM fractography, EDS analysis, and metallography were taken at the crack initiation site. Hardness testing produced a value of approximately 27 HRC. The examinations clearly established that the shaft failed by fatigue. The fatigue crack originated at a localized region on the outside surface where pitting and intergranular cracking had occurred. The localized nature of the initial damage indicated that a corrosive medium had concentrated on the surface, probably due to a leaky seal. Reduction of hardness to 22 HRC or lower and inspection of seals were recommended to prevent future failures.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal