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Damage to a passenger aircraft that resulted from a midair explosion and subsequent emergency landing was investigated to determine the cause and location of the explosion. Extensive damage had occurred in the front toilet and cockpit areas and to the undercarriage and underside of the aircraft. Fractographic and surface examination of metal fragments (stainless steel and aluminum alloy) from damaged areas indicated that the accident was caused by an explosion in the front toilet. A reconstruction exercise confirmed this conclusion. Damage to the undercarriage and underside resulted from the emergency landing.

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