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A gear belonging to a pressurized heavy-water reactor refueling machine failed after 10 years in service. The material specified for the gear was a type C90700 bronze. Macroscopic examination focused on three gear teeth that had fractured completely at the roots, and fracture zones were examined using SEM microscopy. Failure of the gears was attributed to heavy wear resulting from misalignment. A lack of adequate lubrication was also noted. Periodic alignment adjustment and lubrication were recommended.

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Antonio F. Lorio, Juan C. Crespi, Gear Failure of a Pressurized Heavy-Water Reactor Refueling Machine, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 1, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1992, p 231–233,

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