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An investigation of a Stirling engine after an aborted test run revealed that the regenerator screens had suffered substantial damage. During the run, the individual screens oscillated as the helium working fluid was shuttled through the regenerator. In localized areas, the 41 mu m (1600 mu in.) diam type 304 stainless steel wire screening had been torn and pieces were missing. Scanning electron microscope revealed that the fracture had occurred at wire crossover locations by a fatigue mechanism. The problem was solved by sintering the individual screens into a single unit.

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Thomas J. Moore, David R. Hull, Donald L. Alger, Fatigue Failure of Regenerator Screens in a High-Frequency Stirling Engine, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 1, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1992, p 65–69,

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