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Several type 316L stainless steel wires in an electrostatic precipitator at a paper plant fractured in an unexpectedly short time. Failed wires were examined using optical and scanning electron microscope, and hardness tests were conducted. Fractography clearly established that fracture was caused by fatigue originating at corrosion pits on the surface of the wire. It was recommended that higher-molybdenum steel in the annealed condition be used to combat pitting corrosion.

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Charlie R. Brooks, Fatigue Fracture of Stainless Steel Wires in an Electrostatic Precipitator at a Paper Plant, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 1, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1992, p 218–222,

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