Failure occurred in a type 304 stainless steel leaf spring attached to the undercarriage assembly of an airport shuttle train. Failure analysis showed that the fracture was caused by low-cycle, reversed bending fatigue. The stresses leading to failure were imposed by poor alignment. It was recommended that improved assembly procedures be used and that, if another failure occurred, a steel of higher fatigue strength be used.
W.F. Jones, III, Fatigue Fracture of a Stainless Steel Leaf Spring, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 1, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1992, p 102–103, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001042
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