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The source of cracking in the circumferential weld seam in a JIS-SM50B carbon-manganese steel pipe used in a CO2 absorber was investigated, the absorber had been in service for 18 years. The seam had been weld-repaired twice, and the repair welds had been locally stress relieved. Longitudinal seams in the same vessel, which had been stress relieved in a furnace, showed no tendency toward cracking. The solution passing through the vessel contained CO2-CO-H20, KHCO, and Cl− ions. Nondestructive testing revealed that the cracks originated in the heat-affected zone and propagated into the base metal and weld. Severe branching of...

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