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A steam-pressurized Yankee dryer shell ruptured during normal operation. Cracking had occurred around much of the circumference at the drive end of the shell, which measured 3.7 m (12 ft) in diameter by 3.4 m (11 ft) long with a head bolted to each end. The crack initiated at a 90 deg corner in contact with the edge of the head. The material was a hardened gray cast iron containing 2.8% Ni and 1.2% Mo. Based on the results of visual, nondestructive, metallographic, and chemical analyses, it was concluded that failure occurred after corrosion fatigue cracking had weakened the...

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