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test-based failure analysis

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Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2001) 3 (3): 7–11.
Published: 01 August 2001
... on a chip and, in some cases, identify defects that would be missed by other techniques. Copyright © ASM International® 2001 2001 ASM International design for testability electrical fault localization test-based failure analysis Fault Models httpsdoi.org/10.31399/asm.edfa.2001-3.p007 Test...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2001) 3 (4): 21–26.
Published: 01 November 2001
...Robert C. Aitken This is the second article in a two-part series on test-based failure analysis (TBFA). The first article, which appeared in the August 2001 issue of EDFA, discussed the need for automated diagnostics and the general concept of TBFA. This article discusses the steps involved...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2000) 2 (3): 1–10.
Published: 01 August 2000
...Walter Riordan Unit level traceability (ULT) is a powerful tool that allows complete die histories to be accessed in the course of testing and analysis. It is especially useful for identifying the likely causes of microprocessor failures and in cases where failure analysis resources are limited...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2006) 8 (2): 22–27.
Published: 01 May 2006
... efficient. Fig. 12 Physical locations and net connecting cells U9448, U9736, and U4501 References 1. S. Maher: A Purpose-Driven Decision-Based Methodology for Debug and Failure Analysis, Proc. 30th Int. Symp. Test. and Failure Analysis (ISTFA), Nov. 14-18, 2004 (Worcester, MA), p. 127. 2. T. Bartenstein...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2012) 14 (4): 12–18.
Published: 01 November 2012
... to localize defects based on layout data. This article describes each step of the process and compares and contrasts laser scanning techniques. Failure analysis of dynamic random access memory follows a three-step process consisting of electrical test and diagnosis, localization, and physical defect...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2001) 3 (4): 3–11.
Published: 01 November 2001
... ability to isolate logic failures1,2. The integration of in-line defect inspection (IDI) data and the results from test-based fault localization (TBFL)3 make it possible to isolate logic failures with a significantly higher degree of confidence prior to physical failure analysis (PFA). In-line defect...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2013) 15 (2): 14–21.
Published: 01 May 2013
... it comes to testing and failure analysis. This article describes some of the problems encountered when dealing with various types of CSPs and provides practical solutions based on the tools and techniques available in most FA labs. It discusses the causes and effects of package and die related failures...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2003) 5 (1): 11–14.
Published: 01 February 2003
...Susan X. Li Chip-scale packages (CSPs) make efficient use of space on PCBs, but their small size, multilevel stacking arrangements, and complex interconnects present serious challenges when it comes to testing and failure analysis. This article describes some of the problems encountered when...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2007) 9 (3): 6–16.
Published: 01 August 2007
... important to know which tools to use when rapid root-cause analysis is critical to developing an effective yield-improvement strategy, rapid turnaround time, cost containment, and high quality levels. Advances in software-based methods for diagnosing test failures have addressed these issues, giving insight...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2007) 9 (1): 24–25.
Published: 01 February 2007
... of a process monitor macro for failure analysis. Ring oscillators are relatively simple circuits and can be fabricated at strategic locations on the device for use as proxies. The structure is simple enough to test and identify issues based on changes in its functionality. This is particularly helpful...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2004) 6 (2): 28–30.
Published: 01 May 2004
... desirable as the cornerstone fault isolation approach. Analysis of electrical test data, such as memory bit fail maps, has long been a critical first step in the failure analysis of integrated circuits. However, when failures occur in logic, quick electrical isolation to a small area has often been less...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2010) 12 (2): 4–11.
Published: 01 May 2010
... Introduction In a wafer fabrication facility, wafer-level failure analysis (FA) is performed in various situations: on test structures during development and process qualification, after different stages of visual inspection, and after wafer-level electrical testing. The main steps for all of these FA...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2014) 16 (3): 4–12.
Published: 01 August 2014
... a significant 90% of the yield loss, it is obvious that they should be investigated as the first priority. Fig. 2 Package-level tester-based FI workflow Fig. 3 Yield-oriented wafer-level tester-based FI workflow 6 Electronic Device Failure Analysis Characterization on Test Vector Responses A second case...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2003) 5 (4): 13–24.
Published: 01 November 2003
... include features specific to design for test (DFT) and design for device analysis (DFDA). Scan-based test methodologies, such as memory built-in self-test (BIST), logic BIST, and func- Volume 5, No. 4 Electronic Device Failure Analysis 21 Failure Analysis Turned Upside Down: A Review (continued) tional...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2017) 19 (4): 22–34.
Published: 01 November 2017
... Edy Susanto, S.H. Goh, Edmund C. Manlangit, and Jeffrey Lam GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Technology Development, Product, Test, and Failure Analysis, Singapore szuhuat.goh@globalfoundries.com INTRODUCTION Before a product enters mass production, a series of design validation and debugging procedures precede...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2002) 4 (3): 5–9.
Published: 01 August 2002
... Failure Analysis Volume 4, No. 3 test methods that will guarantee detection of bridge defects as long as the two ends of the bridge are driven to opposite polarities. Voltage-based test can detect bridge defects, but additional conditions apply, including one that requires a sensitive signal path...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2000) 2 (1): 4–27.
Published: 01 February 2000
...(A. Gattikerand W. Maly. ClilTt'tlt Sigllatllres. VLSI Test Symposiwn. OctoOCr 1996); testing- based f.,ilure analysis (W. Maly. Testing Based Failure Alla~I'Sis: A Critical Compollent ofthe SIA ROOllmap VLSioll. 23rd International Symposium for Testing and Failure Analysis. OVCl11ber 1997): defect-to-behavior...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2016) 18 (4): 4–14.
Published: 01 November 2016
... at the same latch position, indicating a clock-type failure. CASE STUDIES Because the in-line scan chain logic macro is diagnosable and single-latch fallout can be identified based on the preload test, a hard single-latch failure may be successfully analyzed with routine physical failure analysis (PFA) using...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2016) 18 (3): 10–16.
Published: 01 August 2016
... to probe different test cycles in each test loop.[4] It offers new insights, such as failure mode identification[5] and knowledge of propagation delays.[6] In some cases, an improved LADA signal spatial resolution has also been observed.[7] The current state-of-the-art in TR-LADA is based on a 50 ps pulse...
Journal Articles
EDFA Technical Articles (2016) 18 (4): 62–64.
Published: 01 November 2016
... of scale (in the long run) on the manufacturing side as well. However, product engineering is one area in which it is difficult to achieve an economy of scale. The activities associated with new product introduction, test engineering, reliability, qualification, and failure analysis have been, and remain...