Semiconductor trends, as embodied in the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), provide a guide for the challenges facing the failure analysis community. This process is a risk assessment of key features forecast for the impact of future technologies on failure analysis. The technical challenges fall primarily into two categories: failure site isolation and physical analysis. The failure site isolation challenges are largely driven by the device complexity and reduced accessibility of circuit nets. Additional challenges arise due to the increase in device operating speed and pin count. The challenges in physical analysis are driven primarily by smaller device feature sizes and by the host of new materials being introduced. In addition to the technical challenges, infrastructure changes are also likely to occur. The industry paths for addressing these challenges are discussed.

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