Wafer-level failure analysis plays an important role in IC fabrication, both in process development and yield enhancement. This article outlines the general flow for wafer-level FA and explains how it differs for memory and logic products. It describes the tools and procedures used for failure mode verification, electrical analysis, fault localization, sample preparation, chemical analysis, and physical failure analysis. It also discusses the importance of implementing corrective actions and tracking the results.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.