This article describes the melting process of casting metals used in hot chamber die casting. It discusses the design and capabilities of injection components, such as gooseneck, plunger, and cylinder. The article reviews the distinctions between hot and cold chamber processes. Gate and runner design and temperature control for die casting are discussed. The article explains the ejection and post-processing techniques used for the hot chamber die casting. The techniques include robotics operation, recycling, and fluxing.
Die castings is the process most often used for shaping zinc alloys. This article tabulates the compositions of zinc casting alloys and comparison of typical mechanical properties of zinc casting alloys. It discusses additions of alloys to the zinc, including aluminum, magnesium, copper, and iron. The article illustrates a characteristic five-layer microstructure of zinc alloy casings. It discusses the various methods of finishing of zinc alloy die castings, including chromium plating, polishing, painting, and electropainting. The article describes the casting of inserts and their uses in the zinc. It concludes with information on applications for zinc die castings.