Hydrogen damage is a form of environmentally assisted failure that results from the combined action of hydrogen and residual or applied tensile stress. This article classifies the various forms of hydrogen damage and summarizes the theories that seek to explain these types of degradation. It reviews hydrogen degradation in specific ferrous and nonferrous alloys, namely, iron-base alloys, nickel alloys, aluminum alloys, copper alloys, titanium alloys, zirconium alloys, and vanadium, niobium, tantalum, and their alloys. An outline of hydrogen damage in intermetallic compounds is also provided.
This article discusses the fundamental aspects of environmentally induced cracking. It provides a theoretical basis for the evaluation, testing, and methods of protection against the cracking. The article describes the mechanisms of corrosion that produce cracking of metals and intermetallic compounds as a result of exposure to their environment.