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ASM Handbook

Heat Treating of Irons and Steels

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4D
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-168-9
Publication date:
2014
Book Chapter

Low-Temperature Surface Hardening of Stainless Steel

By
M.A.J. Somers
M.A.J. Somers
Technical University of Denmark
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T.L. Christiansen
T.L. Christiansen
Technical University of Denmark
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Published:
2014
Page range:
439 - 450
Publication history
October 30, 2014

Abstract

Low-temperature surface hardening is mostly applied to austenitic stainless steels when a combination of excellent corrosion performance and wear performance is required. This article provides a brief history of low-temperature surface hardening of stainless steel, followed by a discussion on physical metallurgy, including crystallographic identity, thermal stability and decomposition, nitrogen and carbon solubility in expanded austenite, and diffusion kinetics of interstitials. It provides a description of low-temperature nitriding and nitrocarburizing processes for primarily austenitic and, to a lesser extent, other types of stainless steels along with practical examples and industrial applications of these steels.

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M.A.J. Somers, T.L. Christiansen, 2014. "Low-Temperature Surface Hardening of Stainless Steel", Heat Treating of Irons and Steels, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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