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ASM Handbook

Steel Heat Treating Technologies

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4B
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-166-5
Publication date:
2014
Book Chapter

Residual Stresses and Distortion in Quenched and Tempered Steels

By
M. Schwenk
M. Schwenk
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
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J. Hoffmeister
J. Hoffmeister
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
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V. Schulze
V. Schulze
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
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Published:
2014
Page range:
355 - 374
Publication history
August 31, 2014

Abstract

In the case of steels, heat treatment plays a fundamental role because no other process step can manipulate the microstructure in order to fulfill such a wide variety of possible in-service conditions. This article addresses heat treatment with regard to hardening and subsequent tempering of steel components in order to optimize tribological properties. It focuses on the heat treatment of tempering and bearing steels and on volume changes that take place due to phase transformations. Plastic deformations that occur due to shrinking and phase transformation are also discussed. The article also describes the generation of thermal, transformation, and hardening residual stresses.

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M. Schwenk, J. Hoffmeister, V. Schulze, 2014. "Residual Stresses and Distortion in Quenched and Tempered Steels", Steel Heat Treating Technologies, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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