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ASM Handbook

Steel Heat Treating Technologies

Edited by
Jon L. Dossett
Jon L. Dossett
Consultant
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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ASM International
Volume
4B
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-166-5
Publication date:
2014
Book Chapter

Problems Associated with Heat Treating

By
Lauralice C.F. Canale
Lauralice C.F. Canale
Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos
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Jan Vatavuk
Jan Vatavuk
Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
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George E. Totten
George E. Totten
Portland State University
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Xinmin Luo
Xinmin Luo
Jiangsu University
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Published:
2014
Page range:
29 - 73
Publication history
August 31, 2014

Abstract

Of the various thermal processing methods for steel, heat treating has the greatest overall impact on control of residual stress and on dimensional control. This article provides an overview of the effects of material- and process-related parameters on the various types of failures observed during and after heat treating of quenched and tempered steels. It describes phase transformations of steels during heating, cooling of steel with and without metallurgical transformation, and the formation of high-temperature transformation products on the surface of a carburized part. The article illustrates the use of carbon restoration on decarburized spring steels. Different geometric models for carbide formation are shown schematically. The article also describes the different microstructural features such as grain size, microcracks, microsegregation, and banding.

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Lauralice C.F. Canale, Jan Vatavuk, George E. Totten, Xinmin Luo, 2014. "Problems Associated with Heat Treating", Steel Heat Treating Technologies, Jon L. Dossett, George E. Totten

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