Aluminum Science and Technology
The resistance welding processes commonly employed for joining aluminum are resistance spot welding, resistance seam welding, resistance roll welding, upset and flash welding for butt joining welding, and high-frequency resistance welding. This article discusses the general factors affecting resistance welding: electrical and thermal conductivities, rising temperature, plastic range, shrinkage, and surface oxide. It reviews the weldability of base materials such as Alclad alloys and aluminum metal-matrix composites. The article describes the joint design and welding procedures for resistance spot welding, as well as the joint type, equipment, and welding procedures for seam and roll spot welding. It concludes with information on flash welding, high-frequency welding, and cross-wire welding.