Aluminum Science and Technology
Semisolid casting is a near-net shape manufacturing process capable of producing thick- and thin-walled complex-shaped components having excellent mechanical and functional performance. This article begins with a discussion on the history of semisolid processing and the advantages claimed for semisolid casting. It describes the four notable processes used to produce semisolid castings: thixocasting, rheocasting, thixomolding, and wrought processes. Most commercial aluminum semisolid casters use either thixocasting or rheocasting. The article discusses the die design, process conditions, and simulation for semisolid casting. It concludes with a review of several components produced by each of the various semisolid casting processes.