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ASM Handbook

Aluminum Science and Technology

Edited by
Kevin Anderson, FASM
Kevin Anderson, FASM
Mercury Marine
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John Weritz
John Weritz
Aluminum Association
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J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM
J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM
Kaufman Associates
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ASM International
Volume
2A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-207-5
Publication date:
2018
Book Chapter

Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloys

By
Kevin Colligan
Kevin Colligan
AIT Nova-Tech Engineering, LP
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Published:
2018
Page range:
748 - 762
Publication history
November 22, 2018

Abstract

This article focuses on friction stir welding (FSW), where frictional heating and displacement of the plastic material occurs by a rapidly rotating tool traversing the weld joint. Much of the research activity early on pertained to issues related to understanding the process, such as learning about material flow, heat generation, microstructure development, and many other fundamental issues. The article summarizes the results of the research, describing the aspects of how FSW actually accomplishes sound joints in metals without melting them. It discusses the FSW process variations and the practical aspects of heat generation. The article provides information on the effect of welding on material properties and typical alloys in FSW applications. The alloys include 6061 aluminum, 5083 aluminum, 2xxx aluminum, and 7xxx aluminum alloys. The article concludes with a discussion on FSW equipment.

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Kevin Colligan, 2018. "Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloys", Aluminum Science and Technology, Kevin Anderson, FASM, John Weritz, J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM

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