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ASM Handbook

Aluminum Science and Technology

Edited by
Kevin Anderson, FASM
Kevin Anderson, FASM
Mercury Marine
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John Weritz
John Weritz
Aluminum Association
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J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM
J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM
Kaufman Associates
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ASM International
Volume
2A
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-207-5
Publication date:
2018
Book Chapter

Aluminum Production and Recycling

Published:
2018

Abstract

This article describes the Bayer process for the purification of alumina. The process includes four major stages: digestion, clarification, precipitation, and calcination. The article discusses the aluminum electrolytic process in terms of aluminum electrolysis cell design, magnetohydrodynamic forces, and cathode lining. It reviews the electrochemical reactions and thermodynamics for aluminum electrolysis. The article also describes the cell operations and cell stability, as well as the key indicators of cell performance. It schematically illustrates the typical costs producing aluminum in an aluminum smelter. The article also discusses various environmental issues, such as fluoride recovery; perfluorocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and sulfur emissions; spent pot lining; and development of inert anodes and CO2 emissions.

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2018. "Aluminum Production and Recycling", Aluminum Science and Technology, Kevin Anderson, FASM, John Weritz, J. Gilbert Kaufman, FASM

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