Welding, Brazing and Soldering
Zirconium and its alloys are available in two general categories: commercial grade and reactor grade. This article discusses the welding processes that can be used for welding any of the zirconium alloys. These include gas-tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas-metal arc welding (GMAW), plasma arc welding (PAW), electron-beam welding (EBW), laser-beam welding (LBW), friction welding (FRW), resistance welding (RW), resistance spot welding (RSW), and resistance seam welding (RSEW). The article reviews the selection of shielding gases and filler metals for welding zirconium alloys. It concludes with a discussion on process procedures for welding zirconium alloys.