Welding, Brazing and Soldering
Fitness-for-service assessment procedures can be used to assess the integrity, or remaining life, of components in service. Depending on the operating environment and the nature of the applied loading, a structure can fail by a number of different modes: brittle fracture, ductile fracture, plastic collapse, fatigue, creep, corrosion, and buckling. This article focuses on the broad categories of these failure modes: fracture, fatigue, environmental cracking, and high-temperature creep. It also discusses the benefits of a fitness-for-service approach.