Welding, Brazing and Soldering
This article focuses on the various criteria considered in the selection of product forms, joint types, solders, and filler metals for brazing and soldering of base material components.
Cast irons and carbon steels are brazeable materials, although the brazeability of cast iron is lower than that of carbon steel. The article provides a detailed discussion on the brazeability of different types of cast iron (malleable iron, ductile iron, and gray iron), carbon steels, and dissimilar metals. It describes the factors considered in the selection of filler-metal for cast iron and carbon steel brazing, such as temperature and environment, brazed joint design, heat source, and heat-treatment requirements. The article also discusses the basic considerations in cleaning and fixturing procedures, filler metal and flux/atmosphere feeding procedures, and the heating methods of cast iron and carbon steel brazing.