Detailed analyses and test correlations are typically required to support design development, structural sizing, and certification. This article addresses issues concerning building block levels ranging from design-allowables coupons up through subcomponents, as these levels exhibit a wide variety of test-analysis correlation objectives. At these levels, enhanced analysis capability can be used most effectively in minimizing test complexity and cost while also reducing design weight and risk. The article discusses the examples of tests for which good correlative capability has shown significant benefit. These include notched (open and/or filled hole) tension and compression, inter/intralaminar shear and tension, and pin bearing.