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ASM Handbook

Composites

Edited by
Daniel B. Miracle
Daniel B. Miracle
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Steven L. Donaldson
Steven L. Donaldson
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ASM International
Volume
21
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-195-5
Publication date:
2001
Book Chapter

Out-of-Plane Analysis

By
Jonathan Goering
Jonathan Goering
Albany International Techniweave, Inc.
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Published:
2001
Page range:
302 - 307
Publication history
November 01, 2001

Abstract

This article discusses the methods of analyzing the directional dependence of the mechanical properties of composites, especially those perpendicular to the major plane of the laminate. It provides a description of the common indirect load cases and direct out-of-plane load cases. The article concludes with a discussion on composite materials that are reinforced in the z-direction (also known as three-dimensional, or 3-D composites).

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Jonathan Goering, 2001. "Out-of-Plane Analysis", Composites, Daniel B. Miracle, Steven L. Donaldson

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