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ASM Handbook

Materials Selection and Design

Edited by
George E. Dieter
George E. Dieter
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ASM International
Volume
20
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-194-8
Publication date:
1997
Book Chapter

Effects of Composition, Processing, and Structure on Properties of Irons and Steels

By
Bruce L. Bramfitt
Bruce L. Bramfitt
Homer Research Laboratories, Bethlehem Steel Corporation
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Published:
1997
Page range:
357 - 382

Abstract

The properties of irons and steels are linked to the chemical composition, processing path, and resulting microstructure of the material. Processing is a means to develop and control microstructure by hot rolling, quenching, and so forth. This article describes the role of these factors in both theoretical and practical terms, with particular focus on the role of microstructure in various irons. The irons include bainite, pearlite, ferfite, martensite, austenite, ferrite-pearlite, ferrite-cementite, ferrite-martensite, graphite, and cementite. The article discusses the evolution of microstructural change in rail steels, cast iron, and steel sheet. It contains tables that list mechanical properties and compositions of selected steels. The article discusses the basis of material selection of irons and steels.

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Bruce L. Bramfitt, 1997. "Effects of Composition, Processing, and Structure on Properties of Irons and Steels", Materials Selection and Design, George E. Dieter

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