Formation of Microstructures, Grain Textures, and Defects during Solidification
This article reviews the various aspects of the simulation of solidification microstructures and grain textures. It describes the grain structures and morphology of dendrites or eutectics that compose the internal structure of the grains. A particular emphasis has been put on the simulation of defects related to grain textures and microstructures. The article provides information on the application of the most important simulation approaches and the status of numerical simulation.