This article provides a brief historical perspective, a classification of metallurgical processes, basic model development efforts, and an overview of the potential future directions for the modeling of metals processing. It describes the classification of material behavior models, which can be grouped broadly into three classes: statistical, phenomenological, and mechanistic models. The article also presents an overview of the potential directions for the modeling of metals processing.
Integrated computational materials engineering refers to the use of computer simulations that integrate mathematical models of complex metallurgical processes with computer models used in component and process design. This article outlines an example of a computer-aided engineering tool, such as virtual aluminum castings (VAC), developed and implemented for quickly developing durable cast aluminum power train components. It describes the procedures for the model development of the VAC system. These procedures include linking the manufacturing process to microstructure, linking microstructures to mechanical properties, linking material properties to performance prediction, and model validation and integration into the engineering process. The article discusses the benefits of the VAC system in process selection, process optimization, and improving the component design criteria.