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ASM Handbook

Materials for Medical Devices

Edited by
Roger J. Narayan
Roger J. Narayan
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ASM International
Volume
23
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-198-6
Publication date:
2012
Book Chapter

Applications of Medical Implant Materials

By
Colin K. Drummond
Colin K. Drummond
Case Western Reserve University
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Alia Hdeib
Alia Hdeib
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
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Fahd R. Khan
Fahd R. Khan
Stanford University
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Published:
2012
Page range:
18 - 35
Publication history
June 19, 2012

Abstract

The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design ecosystem engaged as an integral part of the device ecosystem. It discusses the various applications of biomaterials, including orthopedic, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, and dental applications. The article describes the four major categories of biomaterials, such as metals, polymers, glass and ceramics, and composites. A discussion on natural materials, nanomaterials, and stem cells is also provided. The article concludes with information on examples of biomaterials applications, including endovascular devices, knee implants, and neurostimulation.

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Colin K. Drummond, Alia Hdeib, Fahd R. Khan, 2012. "Applications of Medical Implant Materials", Materials for Medical Devices, Roger J. Narayan

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