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ASM Handbook

Materials for Medical Devices

Edited by
Roger J. Narayan
Roger J. Narayan
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
Volume
23
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-198-6
Publication date:
2012
Book Chapter

Medical Applications of Stainless Steels

Published:
2012
Page range:
199 - 210
Publication history
June 25, 2012

Abstract

Stainless steels are used for medical implants and surgical tools due to the excellent combination of properties, such as cost, strength, corrosion resistance, and ease of cleaning. This article describes the classifications of stainless steels, such as austenitic stainless steels, martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, precipitation-hardening stainless steels, and duplex stainless steels. It contains a table lists common medical device applications for stainless steels. The article discusses the physical metallurgy, and physical and mechanical properties of the stainless steels. Medical device considerations for stainless steels, such as fatigue strength, corrosion resistance, and passivation techniques, are reviewed. The article describes the process features of the implant-grade stainless steels, including type 316L, type 316LVM, nitrogen-strengthened, ASTM F1314, ASTM F1586, ASTM F2229, and ASTM F2581 stainless steels.

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2012. "Medical Applications of Stainless Steels", Materials for Medical Devices, Roger J. Narayan

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