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ASM Handbook

Materials for Medical Devices

Edited by
Roger J. Narayan
Roger J. Narayan
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ASM International
Volume
23
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-198-6
Publication date:
2012
Book Chapter

Friction and Wear of Medical Implants and Prosthetic Devices[1]

Published:
2012
Page range:
187 - 195
Publication history
June 25, 2012

Abstract

Total joint replacement in orthopedic surgery can be achieved by excision, interposition, and replacement arthroplasty. This article details the most common materials used in total replacement synovial joints, such as metals, ceramics, and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). The principal physical properties and tribological characteristics of these materials are summarized. The article discusses the pin-on-disk experiments and pin-on-plate experiments for determining friction and wear characteristics. It details the use of various types of joint simulators, such as hip joint simulators and knee joint simulators, to evaluate the performance of engineering tribological components in machine simulators. The article describes in vivo assessment of total joint replacement performance.

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2012. "Friction and Wear of Medical Implants and Prosthetic Devices", Materials for Medical Devices, Roger J. Narayan

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