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ASM Handbook

Nondestructive Evaluation of Materials

Edited by
Aquil Ahmad
Aquil Ahmad
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Leonard J. Bond
Leonard J. Bond
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ASM International
Volume
17
ISBN electronic:
978-1-62708-190-0
Publication date:
2018
Book Chapter

Electromagnetic Inspection Techniques

Published:
2018

Abstract

Eddy-current inspection is based on the principles of electromagnetic induction and is used to identify or differentiate among a wide variety of physical, structural, and metallurgical conditions in electrically conductive ferromagnetic and nonferromagnetic metals and metal parts. This article discusses the advantages and limitations of eddy-current inspection, as well as the development of the eddy-current inspection process. It reviews the principal operating variables encountered in eddy-current inspection: coil impedance, electrical conductivity, magnetic permeability, lift-off and fill factors, edge effect, and skin effect. The article illustrates some of the principal impedance concepts that are fundamental to understanding of and effective application of eddy-current inspection. It discusses various types of eddy-current instruments, such as the resistor and single-coil system, bridge unbalance system, induction bridge system, and through transmission system. The article concludes with a discussion on the inspection of aircraft structural and engine components.

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2018. "Electromagnetic Inspection Techniques", Nondestructive Evaluation of Materials, Aquil Ahmad, Leonard J. Bond

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