Skip to Main Content
ASM Handbook

Cast Iron Science and Technology

Edited by
Doru M. Stefanescu
Doru M. Stefanescu
Search for other works by this author on:
ASM International
ISBN electronic:
Publication date:
Book Chapter

Specifications and Selection of Gray Irons

Doru M. Stefanescu
Doru M. Stefanescu
The Ohio State University and The University of AlabamaTom Prucha, American Foundry Society
Search for other works by this author on:
Page range:
527 - 560
Publication history
August 28, 2017


Gray irons are commonly classified by their minimum tensile strength. This article describes properties used in the selection of gray irons and the factors that affect properties, particularly the effect of solidification. It discusses the three steps that its processing undergoes in the foundry: liquid metal preparation, solidification, and solid-state transformation. The article discusses the tensile properties of gray cast iron: tensile strength, yield strength, ductility, and modulus of elasticity. It describes hardness tests that are performed for determining the approximate strength characteristics and machinability of a gray iron casting. The article also presents typical mechanical properties of heat-resistant gray irons in a table. It concludes with information on the automotive application of alloy cast irons.

You do not currently have access to this content.
Don't already have an account? Register

Doru M. Stefanescu, 2017. "Specifications and Selection of Gray Irons", Cast Iron Science and Technology, Doru M. Stefanescu

Download citation file:

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal